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Who Was Winston Churchill? (Who Was?) Ellen Labrecque is a former Senior Editor for Sports Illustrated for Kids and the author of over twenty nonfiction books for young readers, including biographies of Jim Thorpe and Magic JohnsonWho Was Winston ChurchillWhen Winston Churchill walked into the House of Commons to make his first speech as prime minister of England, he was sixty five years old He wore a dark suit and a serious faceIt was May and the beginning of World War II, the deadliest war in history When Winston entered the giant hall, the six hundred Members of Parliament did not applaud They sat silently Many of them doubted that England could survive the war Many wanted to make peace with Adolf Hitler of Germany You ask, what is our aim Winston boomed into the microphone I can answer in one word It is victory Victory at all costs Victory in spite of all terror Victory however long and hard the road may be For without victory there is no survival The speech was short, but electrifying When he finished, thunderous applause rose from the crowd Winstons powerful words made his audience feel hopeful Winston Churchill was a master public speaker and writer As World War II raged on, Winston made many speeches that rallied his people His voice was broadcast on the radio around the world He gave people courage during the dark days of the war Winston lived for ninety years as a soldier, politician, writer, and painter He endured many failures and setbacks during his long life But, when he was needed the most, he rose to the challenge Winston Churchill was the right man, at the right time ChapterA Royal Childhood Winston Churchill was born two months before his due date on November ,Perhaps he was in a hurry to begin his remarkable life After all, he was the firstborn child to one of the most rich and famous families in England Winstons family home was called Blenheim Palace in Woodstock, England It hadrooms and sat on two thousand acres Queen Victoria ruled England when Winston was born During her reign, fromto , Great Britain was the most powerful country in the world The Churchill family was part of the British aristocracy, or the countrys wealthy ruling class Winston was a member of one of a few hundred British families who held most of the land, money, and power Winstons father, Lord Randolph Churchill, came from a long line of British nobility Lord Randolphs fatherWinstons grandfather, John Spencer Churchillwas the seventh Duke of Marlborough From the day he was born, Winston was taught that Great Britain was the greatest country on earth I was a child of the Victorian era, Winston wroteWhen the realization of the greatness of our empire and of our duty to preserve it was ever growing stronger Winstons mother, Jeanette Jennie Jerome, was a beautiful and wealthy American Jennies family was in England on vacation when she met Lord Randolph They became engaged just days after they met Winstons mother and father loved their son But, like most wealthy English parents at the time, they did not spend much time with him Instead, Randolph spent his days working for the British government Jennie spent her days going to parties As an adult, Winston wrote that his mother shone for me like the evening star I loved her dearly, but at a distance Winston was raised and adored by his nanny, Mrs Elizabeth Everest He called her Woomany Woomany looked after Winston for his entire childhood She cared for him all day and tucked him into bed at night When Winston was two, the Churchills moved to Dublin, Ireland Winstons grandfather became an official for the British government there Winstons father went to work for him as his personal secretary Winston was a lonely child and had few playmates But he loved playing with his toy soldiers in his familys garden He fought pretend battles and made forts for the soldiers in the dirt Winstons only sibling, his brother, John Jack Stranger Spencer Churchill, was born when Winston was five years old He and Jack were good friends their entire lives Soon after Jack was born, Lord Randolph started a new job in the British government The Churchills moved back to London Like many wealthy English boys, Winston was sent to boarding school when he was seven He attended St Georges School in Ascot, England The headmaster at St Georges was a strict man who beat the boys if they misbehaved How I hated this school, Winston said I counted the days and hours to the end of every term Winston missed his brother, Jack He also hated most of his subjects, especially math He loved to escape by reading books One of his favorites was Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson, a story about pirates searching for gold Winston dreamed of having his own adventures someday When Winston was twelve, he was enrolled at the Harrow School It was one of the most well known boys schools in England Before Winston arrived, six graduates of the school had already gone on to become prime ministerthe political leaderof England Winston spent four years at Harrow He was a poor student in science and math, but he was a gifted writer He could also memorize long poems His favorite poem wasLays of Ancient Rome by Lord Macaulay The poem was , lines about heroes and death in battle He recited the poem with emotion, like a great actor Winston also became the fencing champion at Harrow He loved waging battles, fighting with swords against his fencing opponents Winston wrote many letters to his parents while at boarding school They wrote to him as well, but rarely visited Instead, Winstons former nanny, Mrs Everest, visited him at Harrow She also visited Jack, who was at a different boarding school at the time After Harrow, Winston joined the military He loved the idea of becoming a soldier Winston took the entrance exam for the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, a training center for future British officers He failed twice But Winston never gave up He finally passed on his third try It was September , and Winston was nineteen years old He couldnt wait to fight for his beloved Great Britain

  • Library Binding
  • 112 pages
  • Who Was Winston Churchill? (Who Was?)
  • Ellen Labrecque
  • English
  • 03 January 2018

About the Author: Ellen Labrecque

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