[[ read online Textbooks ]] Utilitarianism Author John Stuart Mill – Andy-palmer.co.uk

Utilitarianism This expanded edition of John Stuart Mill s Utilitarianism includes the text of hisspeech to the British House of Commons defending the use of capital punishment in cases of aggravated murder The speech is significant both because its topic remains timely and because its arguments illustrate the applicability of the principle of utility to questions of large scale social policy


10 thoughts on “Utilitarianism

  1. says:

    Utilitarianism, John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill s book Utilitarianism is a classic exposition and defense of utilitarianism in ethics The essay first appeared as a series of three articles published in Fraser s Magazine in 1861 the articles were collected and reprinted as a single book in 1863 Mill s aim in the book is to explain what utilitarianism is, to show why it is the best theory of ethics, and to defend it against a wide range of criticisms and misunderstandings Though heavily criti Utilitarianism, John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill s book Utilitarianism is a classic exposition and defense of utilitarianism in ethics The essay first appeared as a series of three articles published in Fraser s Magazine in 1861 the articles were collected and reprinted as a single book in 1863 Mill s aim in the book is to explain what utilitarianism is, to show why it is the best theory of ethics, and to defend it against a wide range of criticisms and misunderstandings Though heavily criticized both in Mill s lifetime and in the years since, Utilitarianism did a great deal to popularize utilitarian ethics and has been consideredthe most influential philosophical articulation of a liberal humanistic morality that was produced in the nineteenth century2011 1388 262 9789641850809 1390 1392 257 258 19


  2. says:

    It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied And if the fool, or the pig, is of a different opinion, it is only because they only know their own side of the questionJohn Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism I remember reading bits of Mill s Utilitarianism during a course of political philosophy and public policy when I was in college my major almost 20 years ago was public policy I have always been attracted to the bIt is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied And if the fool, or the pig, is of a different opinion, it is only because they only know their own side of the questionJohn Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism I remember reading bits of Mill s Utilitarianism during a course of political philosophy and public policy when I was in college my major almost 20 years ago was public policy I have always been attracted to the basics of Mill s Utilitarianism and William s Pragmatism Thus, may I disagree with Ferris Bueller I do believe in isms. Anyway, I hadn t touched Mill in quite awhile 6 years and figured it was probably time to dust off some of those foundational Western political philosophers Who knows, we all may be rebuilding a Republic soon


  3. says:

    Here, Mill offers a thorough description and defense of his moral theory, proposing the greatest happiness utilitarian principle as the unique first principle underlying all moral conduct The greatest happiness principle holds that actions are right in proportion as they promote happiness wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness, he argues Happiness, Mill defines as pleasure itself, together with exemption from pain While this definition seems dubious at first, Mill d Here, Mill offers a thorough description and defense of his moral theory, proposing the greatest happiness utilitarian principle as the unique first principle underlying all moral conduct The greatest happiness principle holds that actions are right in proportion as they promote happiness wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness, he argues Happiness, Mill defines as pleasure itself, together with exemption from pain While this definition seems dubious at first, Mill demonstrates it to be very robust in its sweep, inventing novel arguments to distinguish between elevated and base pleasures to Mill, ignorance is anything but bliss and cleverly subsuming other ends under the banner of the ultimate one that he has proposed That happiness is indeed the ultimate end he infers empirically rightly admitting the futility of rigorously proving one s first principles Eventually, Mill proceeds with a discussion of justice and its connection to utility Not only does he show the primacy of the utilitarian principle over a justice principle in terms of its scope, but he demonstrates how it is capable of resolving disputes over justice In so doing, he produces two extremely useful examples regarding distributive justice in the field of economics, resulting in the book s very best chapter All in all, decent philosophy, but very poor style


  4. says:

    In times of building walls and talk of re foundation of the Republicanism in many of the Republics of the early 21st Century , and a looming fourth revolution, whereby workers won t be as much exploited as Marx would have it but rather ignored and a pariah to the process of wealth creation, it is important to return to the basics And in law, John Stuart Mill is well and truly part of the basics John Stuart Mill who is the son of and tutored by John Mill and Godson to Jeremy Bentham who w In times of building walls and talk of re foundation of the Republicanism in many of the Republics of the early 21st Century , and a looming fourth revolution, whereby workers won t be as much exploited as Marx would have it but rather ignored and a pariah to the process of wealth creation, it is important to return to the basics And in law, John Stuart Mill is well and truly part of the basics John Stuart Mill who is the son of and tutored by John Mill and Godson to Jeremy Bentham who was also his mentor has produced a tour the force in this short book in which he presents the defence of his moral theory in accordance with utilitarianism In short, he says that those who know anything about the matter are aware that every writer from Epicurus to Bentham who maintained the theory of utility meant by it not something to be contrasted with pleasure but pleasure itself together with freedom from pain and The doctrine that the basis of morals is utility or the greatest happiness principle, holds that actions are right as they tend to promote happiness, wrong in the proportion as they tend to promote the reverse of happiness By happiness is meant pleasure and the absence of pain By unhappiness is meant pain and the lack of pleasure Catching a gap in Bentham s theory, Mill asserted that there are lower and higher forms of pleasure And he makes it clear when he says It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied Better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied all of which means thatbase human needs and pleasures food, sex et al are not necessarily the whole story when it comes to human flourishing Sapiens need also advancing towards intellectual inquiry and achievements and arts contemplation and production for example This is a powerful insight into our highly technological societies, in that perhaps our future won t be in work since the world of work seems an ever dwindling enterprise cf worldwide share of surplus workers for example But on Mill s higher orvaluable human pleasures This could well be the way of our future in the XXI Century Just look at the latest Davos reports Mill provided us with a large list of valuable endeavours, that are obtainable through the cultivation of the mind objects of nature, the achievements of art, the imaginations of poetry, the incidents of history, human events in the past and present as well as their prospects in the future are some mentions worth highlighting.While Mill admits that self sacrifice is not necessarily the way of utilitarians unless it is done to increase the happiness of others he accepts the Christian golden rule as the most acceptable form of utilitarianism He goes on to discuss the criticisms the Utilitarian theory received and affirms that for utilitarians virtue is possibly an end as some see virtue as happiness Indeed he posits that The desire for virtue differs from the love of money, of power, of fame, in this those three can and often do make the person noxious to the other members of the society to which he belongs, whereas the disinterested love of virtue makes him a blessing to them nothingso And so the utilitarian standard, while it tolerates and approves those other acquired desires up to the point beyond which they would doharm than good to the general happiness, demands the cultivation of the love of virtue up to the greatest strength possible because it isimportant than anything else to the general happiness The fifth chapter analyses the relationship between utility and justice Here he provided a survey of many ideas current at the time, about the distinction of justice and other fields of the moral utilitarian thesis He goes on to consider punishment, wages, taxation in turn I am especially impressed with his discussion in redistributive justice Very contemporary indeed for an 18th Century work In all, this is a very thorough study of the utilitarian moral thesis and John Stuart Mill deserves the acclaim he has attained Must be considered by anyone reading in this philosophical area 4 5 stars


  5. says:

    For such an important work it is certainly short and sweet Utilitarianism is an important ethical philosophy The hedonic calculus is probably a big factor for policy wonks of most modern states at least when they are functioning well I certainly think in terms of public policy utilitarianism has a lot of advantages Greatest good for the greatest number is a fairly good guide for running a liberal democracy I think John Rawls in the 1970 improved things with the original position in his so For such an important work it is certainly short and sweet Utilitarianism is an important ethical philosophy The hedonic calculus is probably a big factor for policy wonks of most modern states at least when they are functioning well I certainly think in terms of public policy utilitarianism has a lot of advantages Greatest good for the greatest number is a fairly good guide for running a liberal democracy I think John Rawls in the 1970 improved things with the original position in his social contract theory is superior to straight up utilitarianism but as a first stab at building a just society if one squints utilitarianism is a good guide I think it is less useful as a guide for and individual but fine for public policy


  6. says:

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers To view it, click here Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill is one tough book to read But, if one understands it, it does prove to be interesting Simply put, Mill explains that there is no basis for morality what is good and what is bad Utilitarianism is an idea that moral worth of an action is determined by the usefulness of it People never settle for less No one would like to be a happy animal As Mill words it, It is better to be an unsatisfied Socrates, than a satisfiel fool Major themes in the book include Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill is one tough book to read But, if one understands it, it does prove to be interesting Simply put, Mill explains that there is no basis for morality what is good and what is bad Utilitarianism is an idea that moral worth of an action is determined by the usefulness of it People never settle for less No one would like to be a happy animal As Mill words it, It is better to be an unsatisfied Socrates, than a satisfiel fool Major themes in the book included happiness, desires, and utility Unjust laws do exist This clashes with the theory of justice Removal of justice would hurt society in the beginning, but, as Mill says, people would eventually learn in the end and peace would exist If someone threatens your happiness you punish them That s how Mill envisions justice Whatever leads you to happiness is good, and that s what the book pretty much states I feel there s a little hint of Machiavelli in the text The idea that the end justifies the means is one danger I see that utilitarianism may turn into


  7. says:

    This treatise by the famous British philosopher is a fascinating study into ideas about liberty The main premise is that anything that does not harm anyone physically should be be legal This conclusion is a fascinating one that went on to inspire many future liberals The book is very brief but a very solid well written essay that does not dwindle on irrelevant stuff like so many other political writings from the 19th century Overall, it gets a 4 5 from me.


  8. says:

    Mill writes about Utilitarianism If you ve read any modern take on this ethical system, there s nothing new here The first chapter is very long and boring I guess back in Mill s time he needed to justify Utilitarianism over other ethical systems like the Christian Bible pleas now we, probably due to Mill, Utilitarianism is a completely understandable concept and doesn t really need to be defending in contrast to religious morals The rest of the book is fun, and Mill shows his passion for Mill writes about Utilitarianism If you ve read any modern take on this ethical system, there s nothing new here The first chapter is very long and boring I guess back in Mill s time he needed to justify Utilitarianism over other ethical systems like the Christian Bible pleas now we, probably due to Mill, Utilitarianism is a completely understandable concept and doesn t really need to be defending in contrast to religious morals The rest of the book is fun, and Mill shows his passion for the subject It was fun to read his responses to various objections, objections that people still voice today like how utilitarianism doesn t respect the individual, in favour of the greater good Its strange that Mill tied in his responses in the book yet people still voice them with blissful disregard to the fact that Mill had plausible responses already lined up.I d recommend this book to anybody getting into ethical studies Its an important work that has become a part of our social unconscious


  9. says:

    The greatest proponent of utilitarianism in modern memory is Dr Spock of Star Trek fame The fact that an essay written in the 1860s is still having an impact on contemporary culture speaks to the longevity of J.S Mill s idea It has fueled countless debates among students in philosophy classes, and in the general public The Greatest Happiness Principle is certainly worthy of consideration, and Mill s treatise has probably figured into many people s calculations when weighing momentous life d The greatest proponent of utilitarianism in modern memory is Dr Spock of Star Trek fame The fact that an essay written in the 1860s is still having an impact on contemporary culture speaks to the longevity of J.S Mill s idea It has fueled countless debates among students in philosophy classes, and in the general public The Greatest Happiness Principle is certainly worthy of consideration, and Mill s treatise has probably figured into many people s calculations when weighing momentous life decisions


  10. says:

    Okay, I m not sure what to say about this It s like milk it s good for you, but can leave you bloated and gassy and the cover is totally uninspiring Most of the writing is equally uninspiring I recommend 2 minutes of Utilitarianism followed by 20 minutes of Googling gossipy facts about Mill.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *