[ eBook ] The Great Heresies (English Edition) Author Hilaire Belloc – Andy-palmer.co.uk

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  • The Great Heresies (English Edition)
  • Hilaire Belloc
  • Ingl├ęs
  • 02 March 2017

4 thoughts on “ The Great Heresies (English Edition)

  1. says:

    A rather awesome little book, written by an Anglo French Roman Catholic, first published in 1938 The heresies he discusses are 1 Arianism, 2 Islam, 3 Albigensianism, 4 Protestantism, and 5 the Modern for lack of a better phrase He sees heresies as having a flourishing phase and then disappearing as an organized cult, although they often have long term effects in a culture A major exception is Islam, which he presciently saw back in the 1930 s as capable of having major revivals This has been borne out in our own times with the Iranian revolution in 1979 and the emergence of Al Qaeda and the Islamic State ISIS , and widespread Islamic Terrorism in a number of Western countries including America.In discussing Protestantism, he concentrates on Calvinism and sees it dying off In general I have to disagree with him on Protestantism being moribund, although that is true in much of Europe, where the rate of church going is quite low Worldwide, Protestantism, especially in its Pentecostal forms, is flourishing quite nicely it seems.His discussion of the Modern, in many respects, sounds like a lot of what is going on today.

  2. says:

    Human society cannot carry on without some creed, because a code and a character are the product of a creed In point of fact though individuals, especially those who have led sheltered lives, can often carry on with a minimum of certitude or habit upon transcendental things, an organic human mass cannot so carry on Transcendental things What things Thus a whole religion sustains modern England, the religion of patriotism Destroy that in men by some heretical development, by excepting the doctrine that a man s prime duty is towards the political society to which he belongs, and England, as we know it, would gradually cease and become something other This is from 1938 Has Belloc foreseen the loss of this patriotic faith Was he correct Unfortunately, in the modern world the habit of such a definition has been lost the word heresy having come to connote something odd and old fashioned, is no longer applied to cases which are clearly cases of heresy and ought to be treated as such This religio theological foundation is foreign, even unrecognizable to the modern ear However, modernity has belief, opinion, passions, that are just as controlling as the old religious ones That enables Belloc s insights to resonate For instance, there is abroad today a denial of what theologians call dominion that is the right to own property It is widely affirmed that laws permitting the private ownership of land and capital are immoral that the soil of all goods which are productive should be communal and that any system leaving their control to individuals or families is wrong and therefore to be attacked and destroyed That doctrine, already very strong among us and increasing in strength and the number of its adherents, we do not call a heresy We think of it only as a political or economic system, and when we speak of Communism our vocabulary does not suggest anything theological But this is only because we have forgotten what the word theological means Communism is as much a heresy as Manichaeism History is real Ideas are not the creation of the present Very little thought is new Nothing new under the sun It is the taking away from the moral scheme by which we have lived of a particular part, the denial of that part and the attempt to replace it by an innovation The Communist retains much of the Christian scheme human equality, the right to live, and so forth he denies a part of it only Many scholars, of various kinds, conclude that communism is a secular version of Christianity The same is true of the attack on the indissolubility of marriage No one calls the mass of modern practice and affirmation upon divorce a heresy, but a heresy it clearly is because its determining characteristic is the denial of the Christian doctrine of marriage and the substitution therefore of another doctrine, to wit, that marriage is but a contract and a terminable contract Marriage is a sacred institution Changing it to a business contract is heresy Equally, is it a heresy, a change by exception, to affirm that nothing can be known upon divine things, that all is mere opinion and that therefore things made certain by the evidence of the senses and by experiment should be our only guides in arranging human affairs Those who think thus may and commonly do retain much of Christian morals, but because they deny certitude from Authority, which doctrine is a part of Christian epistemology, they are heretical It is not heresy to say that reality can be reached by experiment, by sensual perception and by deduction It is heresy to say that reality can be attained from no other source This loss of authority has thrown modernity into the stormy sea of uncertainty There is no rock to stand on We are living today under a regime of heresy with only this to distinguish it from the older periods of heresy, that the heretical spirit has become generalized and appears in various forms It will be seen that I have, in the following pages, talked of the modern attack because some name must be given to a thing before one can discuss it at all, but the tide which threatens to overwhelm us is so diffuse that each must give it his own name it has no common name as yet Perhaps that will come, but not until the conflict between that modern anti Christian spirit and the permanent tradition of the Faith becomes acute through persecution and the triumph or defeat thereof It will then perhaps be called anti Christ Introduction The Arian HeresyThe Great and Enduring Heresy of MohammedThe Albigensian AttackWhat was the Reformation The Modern PhaseBelloc is defending the Catholic Church in this work He sees the church as the only real representation of Christianity I see his major weakness as confusing an institution with the worship Christian worship is spiritual, individual, even though, as Belloc explains, it was from the beginning an organization As acts chapter fifteen demonstrates, Christianity includes a governing body.Belloc defends the communal, institutional, group, organization as the essence.Well Jesus was a Jew He conformed to the Judaism of his day He also condemned, rejected and prophesied the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, where he worshiped Isaiah, Jeremiah and the prophets all expressed God s anger against the elders, priests and kings Jerusalem was destroyed twice Jesus gave an illustration to them Nobody cuts a patch from a new outer garment and sews it on an old garment If he does, then the new patch tears away and the patch from the new garment does not match the old Also, no one puts new wine into old wineskins If he does, the new wine will burst the wineskins and it will be spilled out and the wineskins will be ruined But new wine must be put into new wineskins No one after drinking old wine wants new, for he says, The old is nice Institutional worship can be changed when the time comes New wine teachings can replace old New wineskins institution are needed We need to be ready.Belloc is saying the old is nice He does not want to change his garment of identification In fact, his wine is the Greek, philosophical Catholicism of Constantine and Augustine This very different from the Hebraic, Biblical Christianity of Christ See Priest of Nature The Religious Worlds of Issac Newton by Rob Illife Nevertheless, he finds many keen insights that a secular thinker would does overlook, as shown above.Another from the conclusion I say again, the Modern Attack on the Faith will have in the moral field a thousand evil fruits, and of these many are apparent today, but the characteristic one, the one presumably the most permanent, is the institution everywhere of cruelty accompanied by a contempt for justice Who can deny it The last category of fruits by which we may judge the character of the Modern Attack consists in the fruit it bears in the field of the intelligence what it does to human reason When the Modern Attack was gathering, a couple of lifetimes ago, while it was still confined to a small number of academic men, the first assault upon reason began What is the result Today reason is everywhere decried The ancient process of conviction by argument and proof is replaced by reiterated affirmation and almost all the terms which were the glory of reason carry with them now an atmosphere of contempt See what has happened for instance to the word logic, to the word controversy note such popular phrases as No one yet was ever convinced by argument, or again, Anything may be proved, or That may be all right in logic, but in practice it is very different The speech of men is becoming saturated with expressions which everywhere connote contempt for the use of the intelligence Descartes understood this The ultimate rationalist knew god is the foundation of reason But the Faith and the use of the intelligence are inextricably bound up The use of reason is a main part or rather the foundation of all inquiry into the highest things Faith requires reason It was precisely because reason was given this divine authority that the Church proclaimed mystery that is, admitted reason to have its limits It had to be so, lest the absolute powers ascribed to reason should lead to the exclusion of truths which the reason might accept but could not demonstrate Reason was limited by mystery only to enhance the sovereignty of reason in its own sphere When reason is dethroned, not only is Faith dethroned the two subversions go together but every moral and legitimate activity of the human soul is dethroned at the same time Every moral activity dethroned There is no God So the words God is Truth which the mind of Christian Europe used as a postulate in all it did, cease to have meaning None can analyze the rightful authority of government nor set bounds to it In the absence of reason, political authority reposing on mere force is boundless And reason is thus made a victim because Humanity itself is what the Modern Attack is destroying in its false religion of humanity Reason being the crown of man and at the same time his distinguishing mark, the Anarchs march against reason as their principle enemy.

  3. says:

    Belloc covers five main heresies against the Catholic faith Arianism, Albigensianism, Protestantism, Mohammedism, and Modernism While he considers the core beliefs of the first three virtually extinct, he believes their effects have lingered He is prophetic in declaring that Islam will probably rise again About the last heresy, Modernism, he describes its initial features as already historically present, and warns how apocalyptic it may become Actually, I believe we are seeing its effects clearly and globally today Modernism is a religion of anti God, an environment where man is controlled by government, and all existence is merely mortal For such an academic subject the text is easy to read, and we get European history in a nutshell.

  4. says:

    The book is in my opinion historically accurate and was definitely written from a Catholic perspective It clearly states the there is only one religion, Catholicism, and Christianity is a religious term but not per se a religion It gives various historical, social and political reasons for the diminishing of the Church but emphasizes that it will never be exterminated because it is not established by man but God It concludes by stating that today there is a dual struggle between a pagan world and the CAtholic Church after which the Church willtriumph and along with its triumph there will a revitalization of civilization especially in traditional Christian philosophical thinking and the classical arts.

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                        The Great Heresies (English Edition)
            In this new edition of a classic work, the great Catholic apologist and historian Hilaire Belloc examines the five most destructive heretical movements in Christianity Arianism, Mohammedanism Islam , Albigensianism, Protestantism, and Modernism Belloc describes how these movements began, how they spread, and how they have continued to influence the world He accurately predicts the re emergence of militant Islam and its violent aggression against Western civilization.When we hear the word heresies, we tend to think of distant centuries filled with religious quarrels that seemed important at the time but are no longer relevant Belloc shows that the heresies of olden times are still with us, sometimes under different names and guises, and that they still shape our world.Hilaire Bellocwas one of the most important and versatile Catholic writers of the twentieth century A social commentator and a master of finely crafted prose, he wrote numerous books on social, historical and theological topics His books includeThe Path to Rome The Battleground Syria and Palestine, the Seed Plot of Religion and Characters of the Reformation.Karl Keating is the founder of Catholic Answers He is a well known Catholic speaker and apologist, and is the best selling author of several books, including Catholicism andFundamentalism, What Catholics Really Believe, and Controversies High Level Catholic Apologetics.